more from Immanuel Kant

Single Idea 21080

[catalogued under 24. Political Theory / D. Ideologies / 6. Liberalism / e. Liberal freedom]

Full Idea

Every action which by itself or by its maxim enables the freedom of each individual's will to co-exist with the freedom of everyone else in accordance with a universal law is right.

Gist of Idea

Actions are right if the maxim respects universal mutual freedoms


Immanuel Kant (Metaphysics of Morals I: Doctrine of Right [1797], Intro C)

Book Reference

Kant,Immanuel: 'Political Writings', ed/tr. Reiss,Hans [CUP 1996], p.133

A Reaction

This idea shows the moral basis for Kant's liberalism in politics. If all individuals acted without contact or reference to other individuals (a race of hermits) then that would appear to be optimum moral right, by this standard.