Ideas from 'Inquiry Concerning Virtue or Merit' by 3rd Earl of Shaftesbury [1699], by Theme Structure

[found in 'British Moralists 1650-1800 Vol. 1' (ed/tr Raphael,D.D.) [Hackett 1991,0-87220-120-1]].

Click on the Idea Number for the full details    |     back to texts     |     expand these ideas


22. Metaethics / A. Ethical Ends / 6. Pleasure / c. Types of pleasure
People more obviously enjoy social pleasures than they do eating and drinking
22. Metaethics / C. Sources of Ethics / 3. Intuitionism
Fear of God is not conscience, which is a natural feeling of offence at bad behaviour
22. Metaethics / C. Sources of Ethics / 4. Expressivism
If an irrational creature with kind feelings was suddenly given reason, its reason would approve of kind feelings
22. Metaethics / D. Consequentialism / 1. Consequentialism
A person isn't good if only tying their hands prevents their mischief, so the affections decide a person's morality
23. Ethics / A. Egoism / 1. Ethical Egoism
Self-interest is not intrinsically good, but its absence is evil, as public good needs it
23. Ethics / C. Virtue Theory / 1. Virtue Theory / b. Basis of virtue
Every creature has a right and a wrong state which guide its actions, so there must be a natural end
28. God / A. Divine Nature / 5. Divine Morality / b. Euthyphro question
For Shaftesbury, we must already have a conscience to be motivated to religious obedience