Ideas from 'The Foundations of Empirical Knowledge' by A.J. Ayer [1940], by Theme Structure

[found in 'The Foundations of Empirical Knowledge' by Ayer,A.J. [Macmillan 1969,-]].

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11. Knowledge Aims / C. Knowing Reality / 2. Phenomenalism
No one has defended translational phenomenalism since Ayer in 1940
26. Natural Theory / C. Causation / 3. General Causation / d. Causal necessity
The attribution of necessity to causation is either primitive animism, or confusion with logical necessity