Ideas from 'A Short History of Ethics' by Alasdair MacIntyre [1967], by Theme Structure

[found in 'A Short History of Ethics' by MacIntyre,Alasdair [Routledge 1967,0-415-04027-2]].

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1. Philosophy / B. History of Ideas / 4. Early European Thought
In the Reformation, morality became unconditional but irrational, individually autonomous, and secular
1. Philosophy / B. History of Ideas / 5. Later European Thought
The Levellers and the Diggers mark a turning point in the history of morality
3. Truth / A. Truth Problems / 3. Value of Truth
Spinoza's life shows that love of truth which he proclaims as the highest value
15. Nature of Minds / A. Nature of Mind / 2. Psuché
When Aristotle speaks of soul he means something like personality
22. Metaethics / A. Ethical Ends / 5. Happiness / b. Eudaimonia
'Happiness' is a bad translation of 'eudaimonia', which includes both behaving and faring well
22. Metaethics / B. Basis of Ethics / 3. Morality as Convention
Sophists don't distinguish a person outside one social order from someone outside all order
22. Metaethics / B. Basis of Ethics / 4. Is/Ought
The value/fact logical gulf is misleading, because social facts involve values
23. Ethics / C. Virtue Theory / 3. Virtues / c. Justice
'Dikaiosune' is justice, but also fairness and personal integrity
23. Ethics / D. Deontological Ethics / 2. Duty
My duties depend on my identity, which depends on my social relations
25. Society / A. State of Nature / 2. Natural Freedom
I am naturally free if I am not tied to anyone by a contract
25. Society / D. Social Rights / 1. Legal Rights / a. Basis of rights
Fans of natural rights or laws can't agree on what the actual rights or laws are
29. Religion / C. Monotheistic Religion / 4. Bible
The Bible is a story about God in which humans are incidental characters