Ideas from 'The Art of Rhetoric' by Aristotle [350 BCE], by Theme Structure

[found in 'The Art of Rhetoric' by Aristotle (ed/tr Lawson-Tancred,H.C.) [Penguin 1991,0-14-044510-2]].

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2. Reason / C. Styles of Reason / 1. Dialectic
It is the role of dialectic to survey syllogisms
14. Science / A. Basis of Science / 6. Falsification
A single counterexample is enough to prove that a truth is not necessary
14. Science / C. Induction / 1. Induction
Nobody fears a disease which nobody has yet caught
19. Language / A. Language / 3. Rhetoric
Rhetoric is a political offshoot of dialectic and ethics
21. Aesthetics / B. Aesthetic Experience / 1. Beauty
Pentathletes look the most beautiful, because they combine speed and strength
22. Metaethics / A. Ethical Ends / 5. Happiness / d. Routes to happiness
Happiness is composed of a catalogue of internal and external benefits
22. Metaethics / B. Basis of Ethics / 3. Morality as Convention
We all feel universal right and wrong, independent of any community or contracts
22. Metaethics / C. Sources of Ethics / 2. Human Nature
Men are physically prime at thirty-five, and mentally prime at forty-nine
23. Ethics / A. Egoism / 1. Ethical Egoism
Self-interest is a relative good, but nobility an absolute good
23. Ethics / C. Virtue Theory / 1. Virtue Theory / a. Nature of virtue
The best virtues are the most useful to others
All good things can be misused, except virtue
23. Ethics / C. Virtue Theory / 3. Virtues / f. Compassion
The young feel pity from philanthropy, but the old from self-concern
23. Ethics / C. Virtue Theory / 4. External Goods / c. Wealth
Rich people are mindlessly happy
25. Society / B. The State / 3. Constitutions
The four constitutions are democracy (freedom), oligarchy (wealth), aristocracy (custom), tyranny (security)
25. Society / D. Social Rights / 4. Right to Punish / b. Retribution for crime
It is noble to avenge oneself on one's enemies, and not come to terms with them
26. Natural Theory / C. Causation / 1. Causation / e. Direction of causation
People assume events cause what follows them