Ideas from 'On the Basis of Morality' by Arthur Schopenhauer [1841], by Theme Structure

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22. Metaethics / C. Ethics Foundations / 2. Source of Ethics / b. Rational ethics
Reason can be vicious, and great crimes have to be rational
22. Metaethics / C. Ethics Foundations / 2. Source of Ethics / e. Human nature
Man's three basic ethical incentives are egoism, malice and compassion
24. Applied Ethics / B. Moral Rights / 3. Animal Rights
Philosophy treats animals as exploitable things, ignoring the significance of their lives