Ideas from 'Intro to Positive Philosophy' by Auguste Comte [1830], by Theme Structure

[found in 'Introduction to Positive Philosophy' by Comte,Auguste (ed/tr Ferré,Frederick) [Hackett 1988,0-87220-050-7]].

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1. Philosophy / B. History of Ideas / 1. History of Ideas
All ideas must be understood historically
Our knowledge starts in theology, passes through metaphysics, and ends in positivism
1. Philosophy / E. Nature of Metaphysics / 6. Metaphysics as Conceptual
Metaphysics is just the oversubtle qualification of abstract names for phenomena
1. Philosophy / G. Scientific Philosophy / 2. Positivism
Positivism gives up absolute truth, and seeks phenomenal laws, by reason and observation
Positivism is the final state of human intelligence
1. Philosophy / G. Scientific Philosophy / 3. Scientism
Science can drown in detail, so we need broad scientists (to keep out the metaphysicians)
Only positivist philosophy can terminate modern social crises
12. Knowledge Sources / D. Empiricism / 4. Pro-Empiricism
All real knowledge rests on observed facts
14. Science / A. Basis of Science / 1. Observation
We must observe in order to form theories, but connected observations need prior theories
14. Science / D. Explanation / 2. Types of Explanation / e. Lawlike explanations
Positivism explains facts by connecting particular phenomena with general facts
16. Persons / C. Self-Awareness / 3. Limits of Introspection
Introspection is pure illusion; we can obviously observe everything except ourselves
26. Natural Theory / C. Causation / 7. Eliminating causation
The search for first or final causes is futile
26. Natural Theory / D. Laws of Nature / 8. Scientific Essentialism / e. Anti scientific essentialism
We can never know origins, purposes or inner natures