Ideas from 'Shame and Necessity' by Bernard Williams [1993], by Theme Structure

[found in 'Shame and Necessity' by Williams,Bernard [California 1994,0-520-08830-1]].

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16. Persons / F. Free Will / 1. Free Will / c. Free will critique
It is an absurd Kantian idea that at the limit rationality and freedom coincide
There is only a problem of free will if you think the notion of 'voluntary' can be metaphysically deepened
17. Mind and Body / A. Mind-Body Dualism / 8. Dualism of Mind Critique
Homer does not distinguish between soul and body
20. Action / B. Preliminaries of Action / 2. Willed Action / a. Will to Act
The 'will' doesn't exist; there is just conclusion, then action
20. Action / B. Preliminaries of Action / 2. Willed Action / d. Weakness of will
We judge weakness of will by an assessment after the event is concluded
20. Action / C. Motives for Action / 4. Responsibility for Actions
Responsibility involves cause, intention, state of mind, and response after the event
22. Metaethics / C. Ethics Foundations / 1. Nature of Ethics / g. Moral responsibility
In bad actions, guilt points towards victims, and shame to the agent
23. Ethics / C. Virtue Theory / 1. Virtue Theory / a. Nature of virtue
Greek moral progress came when 'virtue' was freed from social status
23. Ethics / D. Deontological Ethics / 2. Duty
The modern idea of duty is unknown in archaic Greece
23. Ethics / D. Deontological Ethics / 5. Motivation for Duty
If the moral self is seen as characterless, then other people have a very limited role in our moral lives
If reason cannot lead people to good, we must hope they have an internal voice
29. Religion / F. Problem of Evil / 1. Problem of Evil
There is a problem of evil only if you expect the world to be good