Ideas from 'A Critique of Utilitarianism' by Bernard Williams [1973], by Theme Structure

[found in 'Utilitarianism For and Against' by Smart,J./Williams,B. [CUP 1978,0-521-09822-x]].

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22. Metaethics / A. Value / 1. Nature of Value / f. Ultimate value
Maybe the unthinkable is a moral category, and considering some options is dishonourable or absurd
22. Metaethics / B. The Good / 1. Goodness / g. Consequentialism
Consequentialism assumes that situations can be compared
For a consequentialist massacring 7 million must be better than massacring 7 million and one
23. Ethics / D. Deontological Ethics / 3. Universalisability
We don't have a duty to ensure that others do their duty
23. Ethics / E. Utilitarianism / 1. Utilitarianism
Utilitarianism cannot make any serious sense of integrity