Ideas from 'On the Notion of Cause' by Bertrand Russell [1912], by Theme Structure

[found in 'Mysticism and Logic' by Russell,Bertrand [Unwin 1989,0-04-824021-4]].

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1. Philosophy / G. Scientific Philosophy / 3. Scientism
Philosophers usually learn science from each other, not from science
10. Modality / A. Necessity / 2. Nature of Necessity
'Necessary' is a predicate of a propositional function, saying it is true for all values of its argument
26. Natural Theory / C. Causation / 1. Causation / g. Eliminating causation
The law of causality is a source of confusion, and should be dropped from philosophy
If causes are contiguous with events, only the last bit is relevant, or the event's timing is baffling
26. Natural Theory / C. Causation / 3. General Causation / a. Constant conjunction
Striking a match causes its igniting, even if it sometimes doesn't work
26. Natural Theory / D. Laws of Nature / 5. Laws from Universals
In causal laws, 'events' must recur, so they have to be universals, not particulars
26. Natural Theory / D. Laws of Nature / 6. Laws as Numerical
The constancy of scientific laws rests on differential equations, not on cause and effect