Ideas from 'The Analysis of Matter' by Bertrand Russell [1927], by Theme Structure

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7. Existence / B. Change in Existence / 4. Events / b. Events as primitive
In 1927, Russell analysed force and matter in terms of events [Grayling]
9. Objects / A. Existence of Objects / 1. Physical Objects
A perceived physical object is events grouped around a centre
9. Objects / B. Unity of Objects / 2. Substance / e. Substance critique
An object produces the same percepts with or without a substance, so that is irrelevant to science
11. Knowledge Aims / C. Knowing Reality / 2. Phenomenalism
Russell rejected phenomenalism because it couldn't account for causal relations [Grayling]