Ideas from 'The Metaphysics of Scientific Realism' by Brian Ellis [2009], by Theme Structure

[found in 'The Metaphysics of Scientific Realism' by Ellis,Brian [Acument 2009,1-902683-62-5]].

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1. Philosophy / E. Nature of Metaphysics / 1. Nature of Metaphysics
Metaphysics aims at the simplest explanation, without regard to testability
5. Theory of Logic / A. Overview of Logic / 1. Overview of Logic
We can base logic on acceptability, and abandon the Fregean account by truth-preservation
6. Mathematics / B. Foundations for Mathematics / 1. Foundations for Mathematics
Mathematics is the formal study of the categorical dimensions of things
7. Existence / B. Change in Existence / 2. Processes
Objects and substances are a subcategory of the natural kinds of processes
7. Existence / B. Change in Existence / 4. Events / c. Reduction of events
A physical event is any change of distribution of energy
8. Modes of Existence / B. Properties / 5. Natural Properties
Physical properties are those relevant to how a physical system might act
8. Modes of Existence / B. Properties / 6. Categorical Properties
I support categorical properties, although most people only want causal powers
Essentialism needs categorical properties (spatiotemporal and numerical relations) and dispositions
Spatial, temporal and numerical relations have causal roles, without being causal
8. Modes of Existence / B. Properties / 11. Properties as Sets
Properties and relations are discovered, so they can't be mere sets of individuals
8. Modes of Existence / C. Powers and Dispositions / 2. Powers as Basic
Causal powers can't rest on things which lack causal power
8. Modes of Existence / C. Powers and Dispositions / 6. Dispositions / b. Dispositions and powers
Causal powers are a proper subset of the dispositional properties
9. Objects / C. Structure of Objects / 1. Structure of an Object
Categorical properties depend only on the structures they represent
9. Objects / D. Essence of Objects / 5. Essence as Kind
A real essence is a kind's distinctive properties
10. Modality / A. Necessity / 5. Metaphysical Necessity
Metaphysical necessity holds between things in the world and things they make true
10. Modality / C. Sources of Modality / 1. Sources of Necessity
Metaphysical necessities are those depending on the essential nature of things
14. Science / B. Scientific Theories / 2. Aim of Science
Science aims to explain things, not just describe them
26. Natural Theory / B. Concepts of Nature / 4. Time / f. Presentism
The present is the collapse of the light wavefront from the Big Bang
Simultaneity can be temporal equidistance from the Big Bang
26. Natural Theory / B. Concepts of Nature / 6. Natural Kinds / b. Defining kinds
There are natural kinds of processes
26. Natural Theory / B. Concepts of Nature / 6. Natural Kinds / d. Source of kinds
Natural kind structures go right down to the bottom level
26. Natural Theory / D. Laws of Nature / 1. Laws of Nature
Laws of nature are just descriptions of how things are disposed to behave
27. Natural Reality / A. Physics / 3. Force
I deny forces as entities that intervene in causation, but are not themselves causal
27. Natural Reality / A. Physics / 4. Energy
Energy is the key multi-valued property, vital to scientific realism