Ideas from 'Criterion of Validity in Reasoning' by Charles Sanders Peirce [1903], by Theme Structure

[found in 'Philosophical Writings of Peirce' by Peirce,Charles Sanders (ed/tr Buchler,Justus) [Dover 1940,0-486-20217-8]].

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2. Reason / A. Nature of Reason / 4. Aims of Reason
I reason in order to avoid disappointment and surprise
3. Truth / H. Deflationary Truth / 1. Redundant Truth
That a judgement is true and that we judge it true are quite different things
5. Theory of Logic / A. Overview of Logic / 3. Value of Logic
Only study logic if you think your own reasoning is deficient
7. Existence / D. Theories of Reality / 7. Facts / a. Facts
Facts are hard unmoved things, unaffected by what people may think of them