Ideas from 'Properties and Predicates' by D.H. Mellor [1991], by Theme Structure

[found in 'Properties' (ed/tr Mellor,D.H. /Oliver,A) [OUP 1997,0-19-875176-1]].

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8. Modes of Existence / B. Properties / 2. Need for Properties
A property is merely a constituent of laws of nature; temperature is just part of thermodynamics
8. Modes of Existence / B. Properties / 10. Properties as Predicates
There is obviously a possible predicate for every property
8. Modes of Existence / D. Universals / 2. Need for Universals
We need universals for causation and laws of nature; the latter give them their identity
8. Modes of Existence / E. Nominalism / 3. Predicate Nominalism
If properties were just the meanings of predicates, they couldn't give predicates their meaning
26. Natural Theory / C. Causation / 2. Particular Causation / e. Probabilistic causation
Singular causation requires causes to raise the physical probability of their effects