Ideas from 'Introduction to 'Properties'' by DH Mellor / A Oliver [1997], by Theme Structure

[found in 'Properties' (ed/tr Mellor,D.H. /Oliver,A) [OUP 1997,0-19-875176-1]].

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2. Reason / B. Laws of Thought / 6. Ockham's Razor
Ockham's Razor is the principle that we need reasons to believe in entities
8. Modes of Existence / B. Properties / 6. Categorical Properties
Properties are respects in which particular objects may be alike or differ
8. Modes of Existence / B. Properties / 12. Denial of Properties
Nominalists ask why we should postulate properties at all
18. Thought / D. Concepts / 6. Abstract Concepts / e. Abstracta by negation
Abstractions lack causes, effects and spatio-temporal locations