Ideas from 'Against 'Ostrich Nominalism'' by David M. Armstrong [1980], by Theme Structure

[found in 'Properties' (ed/tr Mellor,D.H. /Oliver,A) [OUP 1997,0-19-875176-1]].

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7. Existence / D. Theories of Reality / 2. Reality
Some think of reality as made of things; I prefer facts or states of affairs
8. Modes of Existence / D. Universals / 1. Universals
Particulars and properties are distinguishable, but too close to speak of a relation
8. Modes of Existence / E. Nominalism / 1. Nominalism / a. Nominalism
Refusal to explain why different tokens are of the same type is to be an ostrich