Ideas from 'Two Notions of Being: Entity and Essence' by E.J. Lowe [2008], by Theme Structure

[found in 'Being: Developments in Contemporary Metaphysics' (ed/tr Le Poidevin,Robin) [CUP 2008,978-0-521-73544-5]].

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1. Philosophy / E. Nature of Metaphysics / 1. Nature of Metaphysics
Metaphysics aims to identify categories of being, and show their interdependency
1. Philosophy / E. Nature of Metaphysics / 5. Metaphysics as Conceptual
Philosophy aims not at the 'analysis of concepts', but at understanding the essences of things
9. Objects / B. Unity of Objects / 3. Unity Problems / d. Coincident objects
Holes, shadows and spots of light can coincide without being identical
9. Objects / D. Essence of Objects / 8. Essence as Explanatory
All things must have an essence (a 'what it is'), or we would be unable to think about them
9. Objects / D. Essence of Objects / 14. Knowledge of Essences
Knowing an essence is just knowing what the thing is, not knowing some further thing
9. Objects / F. Identity among Objects / 4. Type Identity
Each thing has to be of a general kind, because it belongs to some category
11. Knowledge Aims / B. Certain Knowledge / 6. Cogito Critique
Descartes' claim to know his existence before his essence is misleading or absurd