Ideas from 'Appearance and Reality' by F.H. Bradley [1893], by Theme Structure

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1. Philosophy / E. Nature of Metaphysics / 4. Metaphysics beyond Science
Claims about 'the Absolute' are not even verifiable in principle [Ayer]
1. Philosophy / E. Nature of Metaphysics / 6. Against Metaphysics
Metaphysics is having to find bad reasons for what we believe upon instinct
5. Theory of Logic / F. Referring in Logic / 1. Naming / b. Names as descriptive
Names need a means of reidentifying their referents [Read]
8. Modes of Existence / A. Relations / 2. Internal Relations
Internal relations are said to be intrinsic properties of two terms, and of the whole they compose [Russell]
Relations must be linked to their qualities, but that implies an infinite regress of relations
11. Knowledge Aims / C. Knowing Reality / 3. Idealism
British Idealists said reality is a single Mind which experiences itself [Grayling]
26. Natural Theory / A. Speculations on Nature / 6. Early Matter Theories / g. The One
Reality is one, because plurality implies relations, and they assert a superior unity