Ideas from 'The Advancement of Learning' by Francis Bacon [1605], by Theme Structure

[found in 'Advancement of Learning/New Atlantis' by Bacon,Francis [OUP 1966,-]].

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1. Philosophy / E. Nature of Metaphysics / 1. Nature of Metaphysics
Metaphysics is the best knowledge, because it is the simplest
1. Philosophy / E. Nature of Metaphysics / 3. Metaphysics as Science
Natural history supports physical knowledge, which supports metaphysical knowledge
1. Philosophy / E. Nature of Metaphysics / 4. Metaphysics beyond Science
Physics studies transitory matter; metaphysics what is abstracted and necessary
Physics is of material and efficient causes, metaphysics of formal and final causes
8. Modes of Existence / D. Universals / 6. Platonic Forms / d. Forms critiques
Plato mistakenly thought forms were totally abstracted away from matter
12. Knowledge Sources / D. Empiricism / 1. Empiricism
We don't assume there is no land, because we can only see sea
14. Science / A. Basis of Science / 3. Experiment
Science moves up and down between inventions of causes, and experiments
14. Science / B. Scientific Theories / 5. Commensurability
Many different theories will fit the observed facts
15. Nature of Minds / C. Capacities of Minds / 5. Generalisation by mind
People love (unfortunately) extreme generality, rather than particular knowledge
26. Natural Theory / A. Heart of Nature / 2. Natural Purpose
Teleological accounts are fine in metaphysics, but they stop us from searching for the causes
26. Natural Theory / D. Laws of Nature / 8. Scientific Essentialism / a. Scientific essentialism
Essences are part of first philosophy, but as part of nature, not part of logic