Ideas from 'Treatise 2: Virtue or Moral Good' by Francis Hutcheson [1725], by Theme Structure

[found in 'Hutcheson's Philosophical Writings' by Hutcheson,Francis (ed/tr Downie,R.S.) [Everyman 1994,0-460-87504-3]].

green numbers give full details    |     back to texts     |     expand these ideas

20. Action / C. Motives for Action / 3. Acting on Reason / b. Intellectualism
Reason is too slow and doubtful to guide all actions, which need external and moral senses
22. Metaethics / A. Value / 2. Values / d. Altruism
Human nature seems incapable of universal malice, except what results from self-love
22. Metaethics / A. Value / 2. Values / g. Self interest
As death approaches, why do we still care about family, friends or country?
22. Metaethics / B. The Good / 1. Goodness / g. Consequentialism
My action is not made good by a good effect, if I did not foresee and intend it
22. Metaethics / C. Ethics Foundations / 2. Source of Ethics / c. Ethical intuitionism
We approve of actions by a superior moral sense
We dislike a traitor, even if they give us great benefit
The moral sense is not an innate idea, but an ability to approve or disapprove in a disinterested way
We cannot choose our moral feelings, otherwise bribery could affect them
Everyone feels uneasy when seeing others in pain, unless the others are evil
23. Ethics / C. Virtue Theory / 3. Virtues / d. Courage
Contempt of danger is just madness if it is not in some worthy cause
23. Ethics / E. Utilitarianism / 1. Utilitarianism
That action is best, which procures the greatest happiness for the greatest number
25. Society / C. Social Justice / 4. Legal Rights / a. Basis of rights
The loss of perfect rights causes misery, but the loss of imperfect rights reduces social good
28. God / A. Divine Nature / 6. Divine Morality / c. God is the good
We say God is good if we think everything he does aims at the happiness of his creatures
28. God / A. Divine Nature / 6. Divine Morality / d. God decrees morality
If goodness is constituted by God's will, it is a tautology to say God's will is good