Ideas from 'Disputationes metaphysicae' by Francisco Suárez [1597], by Theme Structure

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8. Modes of Existence / B. Properties / 8. Properties as Modes
There are entities, and then positive 'modes', modifying aspects outside the thing's essence
A mode determines the state and character of a quantity, without adding to it
9. Objects / B. Unity of Objects / 2. Substance / a. Substance
Substances are incomplete unless they have modes
9. Objects / C. Structure of Objects / 2. Hylomorphism / a. Hylomorphism
Forms must rule over faculties and accidents, and are the source of action and unity
9. Objects / C. Structure of Objects / 2. Hylomorphism / d. Form as unifier
The best support for substantial forms is the co-ordinated unity of a natural being
Partial forms of leaf and fruit are united in the whole form of the tree
9. Objects / C. Structure of Objects / 4. Quantity of an Object
We can get at the essential nature of 'quantity' by knowing bulk and extension
9. Objects / D. Essence of Objects / 14. Knowledge of Essences
We only know essences through non-essential features, esp. those closest to the essence
29. Religion / C. Monotheistic Religion / 3. Christianity / c. Angels
Other things could occupy the same location as an angel