Ideas from 'Unpublished Writings 1872-74' by Friedrich Nietzsche [1873], by Theme Structure

[found in 'Unpublished Writings of 'Unfashionable Obs' period' by Nietzsche,Friedrich (ed/tr Gray,Richard T.) [Stanford 1995,0-8047-3648-0]].

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1. Philosophy / A. Wisdom / 1. Nature of Wisdom
Wisdom prevents us from being ruled by the moment
Suffering is the meaning of existence
1. Philosophy / A. Wisdom / 2. Wise People
Unlike science, true wisdom involves good taste
1. Philosophy / D. Nature of Philosophy / 2. Invocation to Philosophy
Philosophy ennobles the world, by producing an artistic conception of our knowledge
1. Philosophy / D. Nature of Philosophy / 4. Aims of Philosophy / a. Philosophy as worldly
The first aim of a philosopher is a life, not some works
You should only develop a philosophy if you are willing to live by it
Philosophy is pointless if it does not advocate, and live, a new way of life
1. Philosophy / D. Nature of Philosophy / 5. Hopes for Philosophy
Philosophy is more valuable than much of science, because of its beauty
1. Philosophy / D. Nature of Philosophy / 6. Despair over Philosophy
It would better if there was no thought
Why do people want philosophers?
Philosophy is always secondary, because it cannot support a popular culture
1. Philosophy / E. Nature of Metaphysics / 6. Against Metaphysics
Kant has undermined our belief in metaphysics
1. Philosophy / G. Scientific Philosophy / 3. Scientism
If philosophy controls science, then it has to determine its scope, and its value
5. Theory of Logic / A. Overview of Logic / 3. Value of Logic
Logic is just slavery to language
7. Existence / C. Structure of Existence / 6. Fundamentals / c. Monads
If some sort of experience is at the root of matter, then human knowledge is close to its essence
11. Knowledge Aims / A. Knowledge / 3. Belief / a. Beliefs
Belief matters more than knowledge, and only begins when knowledge ceases
11. Knowledge Aims / C. Knowing Reality / 1. Perceptual Realism / b. Direct realism
It always remains possible that the world just is the way it appears
13. Knowledge Criteria / D. Scepticism / 1. Scepticism
Our knowledge is illogical, because it rests on false identities between things
The most extreme scepticism is when you even give up logic
14. Science / D. Explanation / 3. Best Explanation / b. Ultimate explanation
If we find a hypothesis that explains many things, we conclude that it explains everything
15. Nature of Minds / C. Capacities of Minds / 1. Faculties
Our primary faculty is perception of structure, as when looking in a mirror
15. Nature of Minds / C. Capacities of Minds / 9. Perceiving Causation
We experience causation between willing and acting, and thereby explain conjunctions of changes
17. Mind and Body / A. Mind-Body Dualism / 8. Dualism of Mind Critique
It is just madness to think that the mind is supernatural (or even divine!)
22. Metaethics / A. Ethical Ends / 5. Happiness / d. Routes to happiness
The shortest path to happiness is forgetfulness, the path of animals (but of little value)
24. Applied Ethics / B. Moral Rights / 3. Animal Rights
Protest against vivisection - living things should not become objects of scientific investigation
25. Society / E. State Functions / 5. Education / a. Education principles
Education is contrary to human nature
25. Society / E. State Functions / 5. Education / d. History study
We should evaluate the past morally
26. Natural Theory / C. Causation / 1. Causation / c. Final causes
We do not know the nature of one single causality
26. Natural Theory / D. Laws of Nature / 4. Regularities / a. Regularity theory
Laws of nature are merely complex networks of relations
29. Religion / B. Polytheistic Religion / 2. Paganism
The Greeks lack a normative theology: each person has their own poetic view of things