Ideas from 'Beyond Good and Evil' by Friedrich Nietzsche [1886], by Theme Structure

[found in 'Beyond Good and Evil' by Nietzsche,Friedrich (ed/tr Hollingdale,R.J.) [Penguin 1973,0-14-044-267-7]].

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1. Philosophy / D. Nature of Philosophy / 1. Philosophy
Great philosophies are confessions by the author, growing out of moral intentions
1. Philosophy / E. Nature of Metaphysics / 2. Possibility of Metaphysics
Metaphysics divided the old unified Greek world into two
3. Truth / A. Truth Problems / 3. Value of Truth
Why do we want truth, rather than falsehood or ignorance? The value of truth is a problem
7. Existence / A. Nature of Existence / 3. Being / c. Becoming
Nietzsche resists nihilism through new values, for a world of becoming, without worship
12. Knowledge Sources / B. Perception / 5. Interpretation
We see an approximation of a tree, not the full detail
13. Knowledge Criteria / B. Internal Justification / 2. Pragmatic justification
We shouldn't object to a false judgement, if it enhances and preserves life
13. Knowledge Criteria / E. Relativism / 4. Cultural relativism
Reality becomes a problem when we compare many moralities
15. Nature of Minds / C. Capacities of Minds / 1. Faculties
Kant's only answer as to how synthetic a priori judgements are possible was that we have a 'faculty'!
16. Persons / B. Concept of the Self / 1. Essential Self
The ranking of a person's innermost drives reveals their true nature
16. Persons / F. Free Will / 1. Free Will / c. Free will critique
Wanting 'freedom of will' is wanting to pull oneself into existence out of the swamp of nothingness by one's own hair
16. Persons / F. Free Will / 2. Free Will Theories / b. Determinism
A thought comes when 'it' wants, not when 'I' want
18. Thought / B. Mechanics of Thought / 1. Psychology
It is psychology which reveals the basic problems
22. Metaethics / B. The Good / 1. Goodness / c. Right and good
Morality originally judged people, and actions only later on
22. Metaethics / B. The Good / 1. Goodness / g. Consequentialism
In the earliest phase of human history only consequences mattered
22. Metaethics / C. Ethics Foundations / 2. Source of Ethics / a. Idealistic ethics
The most boring and dangerous of all errors is Plato's invention of pure spirit and goodness
22. Metaethics / C. Ethics Foundations / 2. Source of Ethics / d. Biological ethics
Nietzsche felt that Plato's views downgraded the human body and its brevity of life
22. Metaethics / C. Ethics Foundations / 2. Source of Ethics / f. ‹bermensch
Noble people feels themselves the determiners of values
22. Metaethics / C. Ethics Foundations / 2. Source of Ethics / j. Ethics by convention
That which is done out of love always takes place beyond good and evil
23. Ethics / A. Egoism / 1. Ethical Egoism
The noble soul has reverence for itself
23. Ethics / C. Virtue Theory / 1. Virtue Theory / c. Particularism
Moralities extravagantly address themselves to 'all', when they never generalise
23. Ethics / C. Virtue Theory / 1. Virtue Theory / d. Virtue theory critique
Virtue has been greatly harmed by the boringness of its advocates
23. Ethics / C. Virtue Theory / 2. Elements of Virtue Theory / b. Living naturally
Nature is totally indifferent, so you should try to be different from it, not live by it
23. Ethics / C. Virtue Theory / 3. Virtues / a. Virtues
The four virtues are courage, insight, sympathy, solitude
23. Ethics / C. Virtue Theory / 3. Virtues / f. Compassion
In ancient Rome pity was considered neither good nor bad
23. Ethics / D. Deontological Ethics / 3. Universalisability
The idea of the categorical imperative is just that we should all be very obedient
23. Ethics / E. Utilitarianism / 3. Motivation for Altruism
The morality of slaves is the morality of utility
23. Ethics / F. Existentialism / 1. Existentialism
The greatest possibilities in man are still unexhausted
23. Ethics / F. Existentialism / 3. Angst
The freedom of the subject means the collapse of moral certainty
The thought of suicide is a great reassurance on bad nights
23. Ethics / F. Existentialism / 6. Authentic Self
Man is the animal whose nature has not yet been fixed
Nietzsche thinks the human condition is to overcome and remake itself
23. Ethics / F. Existentialism / 8. Eternal Recurrence
The great person engages wholly with life, and is happy to endlessly relive the life they created
25. Society / B. The State / 5. Leaders / d. Elites
Only aristocratic societies can elevate the human species
A healthy aristocracy has no qualms about using multitudes of men as instruments
29. Religion / C. Monotheistic Religion / 3. Christianity / a. Christianity
Christianity is Platonism for the people