Ideas from 'Beyond Good and Evil' by Friedrich Nietzsche [1886], by Theme Structure

[found in 'Beyond Good and Evil' by Nietzsche,Friedrich (ed/tr Hollingdale,R.J.) [Penguin 1973,0-14-044-267-7]].

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1. Philosophy / D. Nature of Philosophy / 1. Philosophy
Great philosophies are confessions by the author, growing out of moral intentions
1. Philosophy / E. Nature of Metaphysics / 2. Possibility of Metaphysics
Metaphysics divided the old unified Greek world into two
3. Truth / A. Truth Problems / 3. Value of Truth
Why do we want truth, rather than falsehood or ignorance? The value of truth is a problem
7. Existence / A. Nature of Existence / 3. Being / c. Becoming
Nietzsche resists nihilism through new values, for a world of becoming, without worship
12. Knowledge Sources / B. Perception / 5. Interpretation
We see an approximation of a tree, not the full detail
13. Knowledge Criteria / E. Relativism / 4. Cultural relativism
Reality becomes a problem when we compare many moralities
15. Nature of Minds / C. Capacities of Minds / 1. Faculties
Kant's only answer as to how synthetic a priori judgements are possible was that we have a 'faculty'!
16. Persons / G. Free Will / 1. Free Will / c. Free will critique
Wanting 'freedom of will' is wanting to pull oneself into existence out of the swamp of nothingness by one's own hair
16. Persons / G. Free Will / 2. Free Will Theories / b. Determinism
A thought comes when 'it' wants, not when 'I' want
22. Metaethics / A. Ethical Ends / 1. Value / c. Subjective value
Noble people feels themselves the determiners of values
22. Metaethics / A. Ethical Ends / 1. Value / d. Value of life
Morality originally judged people, and actions only later on
22. Metaethics / A. Ethical Ends / 2. Goodness / c. Form of the Good
The most boring and dangerous of all errors is Plato's invention of pure spirit and goodness
22. Metaethics / B. Basis of Ethics / 3. Morality as Convention
That which is done out of love always takes place beyond good and evil
22. Metaethics / C. Sources of Ethics / 1. Biological Ethics
Nietzsche felt that Plato's views downgraded the human body and its brevity of life
22. Metaethics / D. Consequentialism / 1. Consequentialism
In the earliest phase of human history only consequences mattered
23. Ethics / A. Egoism / 1. Ethical Egoism
The noble soul has reverence for itself
23. Ethics / C. Virtue Theory / 1. Virtue Theory / d. Virtue theory critique
Virtue has been greatly harmed by the boringness of its advocates
23. Ethics / C. Virtue Theory / 2. Elements of Virtue Theory / b. Living naturally
Nature is totally indifferent, so you should try to be different from it, not live by it
23. Ethics / C. Virtue Theory / 3. Virtues / f. Compassion
In ancient Rome pity was considered neither good nor bad
23. Ethics / D. Deontological Ethics / 3. Universalisability
The idea of the categorical imperative is just that we should all be very obedient
23. Ethics / E. Utilitarianism / 3. Motivation for Altruism
The morality of slaves is the morality of utility
23. Ethics / F. Existentialism / 1. Existentialism
The greatest possibilities in man are still unexhausted
Nietzsche thinks the human condition is to overcome and remake itself
Man is the animal whose nature has not yet been fixed
The thought of suicide is a great reassurance on bad nights
23. Ethics / F. Existentialism / 2. Nihilism
The freedom of the subject means the collapse of moral certainty
29. Religion / C. Monotheistic Religion / 3. Christianity / a. Christianity
Christianity is Platonism for the people