Ideas from 'Works (refs to 8 vol Colli and Montinari)' by Friedrich Nietzsche [1885], by Theme Structure

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1. Philosophy / D. Nature of Philosophy / 1. Philosophy
Nietzsche thinks philosophy makes us more profound, but not better [Ansell Pearson]
1. Philosophy / D. Nature of Philosophy / 7. Despair over Philosophy
How many mediocre thinkers are occupied with influential problems!
1. Philosophy / E. Nature of Metaphysics / 6. Metaphysics as Conceptual
Nietzsche has a metaphysics, as well as perspectives - the ontology is the perspectives [Richardson]
2. Reason / A. Nature of Reason / 7. Status of Reason
Reason is just another organic drive, developing late, and fighting for equality
7. Existence / D. Theories of Reality / 4. Naturalism
First see nature as non-human, then fit ourselves into this view of nature
8. Modes of Existence / C. Powers and Dispositions / 1. Powers
Storms are wonderful expressions of free powers!
9. Objects / D. Essence of Objects / 3. Individual Essences
We begin with concepts of kinds, from individuals; but that is not the essence of individuals
20. Action / A. Definition of Action / 1. Action Theory
Nietzsche classified actions by the nature of the agent, not the nature of the act [Foot]
20. Action / C. Motives for Action / 4. Responsibility for Actions
Nietzsche failed to see that moral actions can be voluntary without free will [Foot]
22. Metaethics / A. Value / 2. Values / e. Love
Friendly chats undermine my philosophy; wanting to be right at the expense of love is folly
22. Metaethics / C. Ethics Foundations / 2. Source of Ethics / e. Human nature
Each person has a fixed constitution, which makes them a particular type of person [Leiter]
Nietzsche could only revalue human values for a different species [Foot]
22. Metaethics / C. Ethics Foundations / 2. Source of Ethics / f. ‹bermensch
The superman is a monstrous oddity, not a serious idea [MacIntyre]
Nietzsche's higher type of man is much more important than the idealised 'superman' [Leiter]
22. Metaethics / C. Ethics Foundations / 2. Source of Ethics / g. Will to power
The 'will to power' is basically applied to drives and forces, not to people [Richardson]
23. Ethics / C. Virtue Theory / 1. Virtue Theory / c. Particularism
Moral generalisation is wrong, because we should evaluate individual acts
23. Ethics / C. Virtue Theory / 1. Virtue Theory / d. Virtue theory critique
Nietzsche thought our psychology means there can't be universal human virtues
23. Ethics / F. Existentialism / 1. Existentialism
Nietzsche tried to lead a thought-provoking life [Safranski]
23. Ethics / F. Existentialism / 2. Nihilism
Initially nihilism was cosmic, but later Nietzsche saw it as a cultural matter [Ansell Pearson]
Nietzsche urges that nihilism be active, and will nothing itself [Zizek]
23. Ethics / F. Existentialism / 4. Boredom
Flight from boredom leads to art
23. Ethics / F. Existentialism / 7. Existential Action
Nietzsche was fascinated by a will that can turn against itself [Safranski]
23. Ethics / F. Existentialism / 8. Eternal Recurrence
Reliving life countless times - this gives the value back to life which religion took away
25. Society / B. The State / 1. Purpose of a State
Individual development is more important than the state, but a community is necessary
25. Society / B. The State / 4. Citizenship
Nietzsche thinks we should join a society, in order to criticise, heal and renew it [Richardson]
25. Society / B. The State / 8. Culture
Every culture loses its identity and power if it lacks a major myth