Ideas from 'Philosophy of Science' by Geoffrey Gorham [2009], by Theme Structure

[found in 'Philosophy of Science' by Gorham,Geoffrey [One World 2009,978-1-85168-684-1]].

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14. Science / A. Basis of Science / 6. Falsification
If a theory is more informative it is less probable
Why abandon a theory if you don't have a better one?
14. Science / B. Scientific Theories / 1. Scientific Theory
Is Newton simpler with universal simultaneity, or Einstein simpler without absolute time?
Structural Realism says mathematical structures persist after theory rejection
Structural Realists must show the mathematics is both crucial and separate
14. Science / B. Scientific Theories / 3. Instrumentalism
Theories aren't just for organising present experience if they concern the past or future
For most scientists their concepts are not just useful, but are meant to be true and accurate
14. Science / D. Explanation / 2. Types of Explanation / d. Consilience
Consilience makes the component sciences more likely
26. Natural Theory / A. Speculations on Nature / 1. Nature
Aristotelian physics has circular celestial motion and linear earthly motion