Ideas from 'Science of Logic' by Georg W.F.Hegel [1816], by Theme Structure

[found in 'Science of Logic' by Hegel,Georg W.F. (ed/tr Miller,A.V.) [Humanity 1969,978-1-57392-280-7]].

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1. Philosophy / E. Nature of Metaphysics / 6. Metaphysics as Conceptual
If we start with indeterminate being, we arrive at being and nothing as a united pair [Houlgate]
Thought about being leads to a string of other concepts, like becoming, quantity, specificity, causality... [Houlgate]
We must start with absolute abstraction, with no presuppositions, so we start with pure being
2. Reason / A. Nature of Reason / 5. Objectivity
Objectivity is not by correspondence, but by the historical determined necessity of Geist [Pinkard]
2. Reason / B. Laws of Thought / 3. Non-Contradiction
Being and nothing are the same and not the same, which is the identity of identity and non-identity
The so-called world is filled with contradiction
2. Reason / C. Styles of Reason / 1. Dialectic
Dialectic is the instability of thoughts generating their opposite, and then new more complex thoughts [Houlgate]
Hegel's dialectic is not thesis-antithesis-synthesis, but usually negation of negation of the negation [Moore,AW]
7. Existence / A. Nature of Existence / 3. Being / d. Non-being
Nothing exists, as thinkable and expressible
To grasp an existence, but must consider its non-existence [Houlgate]
7. Existence / A. Nature of Existence / 3. Being / e. Being and nothing
Thinking of nothing is not the same as simply not thinking [Houlgate]
7. Existence / C. Structure of Existence / 1. Grounding / a. Nature of grounding
The ground of a thing is not another thing, but the first thing's substance or rational concept [Houlgate]
7. Existence / D. Theories of Reality / 1. Realism
Kant's thing-in-itself is just an abstraction from our knowledge; things only exist for us [Bowie]
Hegel believe that the genuine categories reveal things in themselves [Houlgate]
8. Modes of Existence / A. Relations / 2. Internal Relations
The nature of each category relates itself to another
11. Knowledge Aims / B. Certain Knowledge / 1. Certainty
In absolute knowing, the gap between object and oneself closes, producing certainty
11. Knowledge Aims / C. Knowing Reality / 3. Idealism / d. Absolute idealism
Authentic thinking and reality have the same content
Hegel, unlike Kant, said how things appear is the same as how things are [Moore,AW]
Hegel's non-subjective idealism is the unity of subjective and objective viewpoints [Pinkard]
Hegel claimed his system was about the world, but it only mapped conceptual interdependence [Pinkard]
The Absolute is the primitive system of concepts which are actualised [Gardner]
The absolute idea is being, imperishable life, self-knowing truth, and all truth
The absolute idea is the great unity of the infinite system of concepts [Moore,AW]
The 'absolute idea' is when all the contradictions are exhausted [Bowie]
13. Knowledge Criteria / B. Internal Justification / 5. Coherentism / a. Coherence as justification
Hegel's 'absolute idea' is the interdependence of all truths to justify any of them [Bowie]
18. Thought / D. Concepts / 1. Concepts / a. Nature of concepts
Every concept depends on the counter-concepts of what it is not [Bowie]
19. Language / E. Analyticity / 4. Analytic/Synthetic Critique
When we explicate the category of being, we watch a new category emerge [Houlgate]