Ideas from 'Elements of the Philosophy of Right' by Georg W.F.Hegel [1821], by Theme Structure

[found in 'Elements of the Philosophy of Right' by Hegel,Georg W.F. (ed/tr Wood,Allen W.) [CUP 1991,0-521-34888-9]].

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1. Philosophy / A. Wisdom / 1. Nature of Wisdom
Wisdom emerges at the end of a process
1. Philosophy / D. Nature of Philosophy / 3. Philosophy Defined
Philosophy is exploration of the rational
2. Reason / A. Nature of Reason / 5. Objectivity
Subjective and objective are not firmly opposed, but merge into one another
7. Existence / A. Nature of Existence / 3. Being / h. Dasein (being human)
Personality overcomes subjective limitations and posits Dasein as its own
13. Knowledge Criteria / D. Scepticism / 6. Scepticism Critique
It is a rejection of intellectual dignity to say that we cannot know the truth
16. Persons / A. Concept of a Person / 4. Persons as Agents
A person is a being which is aware of its own self-directed and free subjectivity
16. Persons / E. Rejecting the Self / 2. Self as Social Construct
A human only become a somebody as a member of a social estate
Individuals attain their right by discovering their self-consciousness in institutions
16. Persons / F. Free Will / 1. Nature of Free Will
A free will primarily wills its own freedoom [Houlgate]
20. Action / B. Preliminaries of Action / 2. Willed Action / a. Will to Act
The concept of the will is the free will which wills its freedom
20. Action / C. Motives for Action / 3. Acting on Reason / b. Intellectualism
Evil enters a good will when we believe we are doing right, but allow no criticism of our choice [Houlgate]
22. Metaethics / A. Value / 2. Values / f. Love
Love is ethical life in its natural form
22. Metaethics / C. Ethics Foundations / 2. Source of Ethics / c. Ethical intuitionism
Conscience is the right of the self to know what is right and obligatory, and thus make them true
23. Ethics / D. Deontological Ethics / 3. Universalisability
You can't have a morality which is supplied by the individual, but is also genuinely universal [MacIntyre]
23. Ethics / D. Deontological Ethics / 4. Categorical Imperative
The categorical imperative lacks roots in a historical culture [Bowie]
Be a person, and respect other persons
The categorical imperative is fine if you already have a set of moral principles
23. Ethics / F. Existentialism / 1. Existentialism
The good is realised freedom
24. Political Theory / A. Basis of a State / 1. A People / c. A unified people
The family is the first basis of the state, but estates are a necessary second
24. Political Theory / A. Basis of a State / 3. Natural Values / c. Natural rights
We cannot assert rights which are unnatural
24. Political Theory / B. Nature of a State / 1. Purpose of a State
I aim to portray the state as a rational entity
Society draws people, and requires their work, making them wholly dependent on it
The state is the march of God in the world
24. Political Theory / B. Nature of a State / 2. State Legitimacy / c. Social contract
Individuals can't leave the state, because they are natural citizens, and humans require a state
24. Political Theory / B. Nature of a State / 2. State Legitimacy / d. General will
A fully developed state is conscious and knows what it wills
The people do not have the ability to know the general will
The great man of the ages is the one who reveals and accomplishes the will of his time
24. Political Theory / B. Nature of a State / 3. Constitutions
A constitution embodies a nation's rights and condition
24. Political Theory / B. Nature of a State / 4. Citizenship
Individuals must dedicate themselves to the ethical whole, and give their lives when asked
Social groups must focus on the state, which must in turn respect their inclusion and their will
People can achieve respect for their state by insight into its essence
24. Political Theory / D. Ideologies / 5. Democracy / b. Consultation
Majority rule means obligations can be imposed on me
The state should reflect all interests, and not just popular will, or a popular party [Houlgate]
24. Political Theory / D. Ideologies / 6. Liberalism / e. Liberal freedom
In modern states an individual's actions should be their choice
24. Political Theory / D. Ideologies / 7. Communitarianism
Moral individuals become ethical when they see the social aspect of a matter [Houlgate]
For Hegel, the moral life can only be led within a certain type of community [MacIntyre]
24. Political Theory / D. Ideologies / 12. Feminism
Even educated women are unsuited to science, philosophy, art and government
25. Social Practice / A. Freedoms / 1. Slavery
Slaves are partly responsible for their own condition
Slaves have no duties because they have no rights
25. Social Practice / A. Freedoms / 5. Freedom of lifestyle
True liberal freedom is to pursue something, while being free to cease the pursuit [Houlgate]
People assume they are free, but the options available are not under their control
25. Social Practice / A. Freedoms / 6. Political freedom
Freedom requires us to submit to a family, or a corporation, or a state [Houlgate]
25. Social Practice / B. Equalities / 4. Economic equality
Money is the best way to achieve just equality
25. Social Practice / C. Rights / 1. Basis of Rights
Rights imply duties, and duties imply rights
25. Social Practice / C. Rights / 4. Property rights
Man has an absolute right to appropriate thngs
Because only human beings can own property, everything else can become our property
A community does not have the property-owning rights that a person has
The owner of a thing is obviously the first person to freely take possession of it
25. Social Practice / E. Policies / 1. War
Wars add strength to a nation, and cure internal dissension
25. Social Practice / E. Policies / 5. Education / a. Aims of education
Children need discipline, to break their self-will and eradicate sensuousness
29. Religion / D. Religious Issues / 1. Religious Commitment / a. Religious Belief
To have pagan beliefs and be a pagan are quite different
Some religions lead to harsh servitude and the debasement of human beings