Ideas from 'Human Freedom and Divine choice' by Gottfried Leibniz [1690], by Theme Structure

[found in 'Substance and Individuation in Leibniz' by Cover,J/O'Leary-Hawthorne,J [CUP 1999,978-0-521-07303-5]].

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9. Objects / D. Essence of Objects / 7. Essence and Necessity / a. Essence as necessary properties
The essence is the necessary properties, and the concept includes what is contingent