Ideas from 'On Nature Itself (De Ipsa Natura)' by Gottfried Leibniz [1698], by Theme Structure

[found in 'Philosophical Essays' by Leibniz,Gottfried (ed/tr Arlew,R /Garber,D) [Hackett 1989,0-87220-062-0]].

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9. Objects / B. Unity of Objects / 2. Substance / d. Substance defined
Substance is a force for acting and being acted upon
14. Science / D. Explanation / 2. Types of Explanation / h. Explanations by function
Final causes can help with explanations in physics
17. Mind and Body / A. Mind-Body Dualism / 3. Panpsychism
Something rather like souls (though not intelligent) could be found everywhere
26. Natural Theory / D. Laws of Nature / 8. Scientific Essentialism / a. Scientific essentialism
If there is some trace of God in things, that would explain their natural force
27. Natural Reality / B. Early Matter Theories / 4. Atomism
There are atoms of substance, but no atoms of bulk or extension
27. Natural Reality / B. Early Matter Theories / 5. Early Modern Matter
Secondary matter is active and complete; primary matter is passive and incomplete
27. Natural Reality / D. Activity of Matter / 2. Forces
It is plausible to think substances contain the same immanent force seen in our free will
28. God / E. Attitudes to God / 2. Pantheism
To say that nature or the one universal substance is God is a pernicious doctrine