Ideas from 'Letters to Des Bosses' by Gottfried Leibniz [1715], by Theme Structure

[found in 'Leibniz - Des Bosses Correspondences' by Leibniz,Gottfried (ed/tr Look,B/Rutherford,D) [Yale 2007,978-0-300-11804-9]].

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1. Philosophy / E. Nature of Metaphysics / 4. Metaphysics beyond Science
We can grasp the wisdom of God a priori
7. Existence / C. Structure of Existence / 6. Fundamentals / c. Monads
Monads control nothing outside of themselves
Without a substantial chain to link monads, they would just be coordinated dreams
Monads do not make a unity unless a substantial chain is added to them
8. Modes of Existence / C. Powers and Dispositions / 4. Powers as Essence
There is active and passive power in the substantial chain and in the essence of a composite
Primitive force is what gives a composite its reality
9. Objects / A. Existence of Objects / 4. Individuation / a. Individuation
Things seem to be unified if we see duration, position, interaction and connection
9. Objects / B. Unity of Objects / 2. Substance / a. Substance
Every substance is alive
9. Objects / D. Essence of Objects / 6. Essence as Unifier
A substantial bond of powers is needed to unite composites, in addition to monads
9. Objects / D. Essence of Objects / 12. Essential Parts
A composite substance is a mere aggregate if its essence is just its parts
10. Modality / B. Possibility / 1. Possibility
There is a reason why not every possible thing exists
13. Knowledge Criteria / E. Relativism / 2. Knowledge as Convention
Truth is mutually agreed perception
28. God / D. Proofs of Evidence / 5. Miracles
Allow no more miracles than are necessary