Ideas from 'Why there isn't a ready-made world' by Hilary Putnam [1981], by Theme Structure

[found in 'Realism and Reason: Papers vol 3' by Putnam,Hilary [CUP 1985,0-521-31394-5]].

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7. Existence / D. Theories of Reality / 1. Realism
Metaphysical realism is committed to there being one ultimate true theory
7. Existence / D. Theories of Reality / 3. Anti-realism
It is an illusion to think there could be one good scientific theory of reality
9. Objects / B. Unity of Objects / 3. Unity Problems / c. Statue and clay
Shape is essential relative to 'statue', but not essential relative to 'clay'
12. Knowledge Sources / B. Perception / 4. Sense Data / b. Nature of sense-data
The old view that sense data are independent of mind is quite dotty
26. Natural Theory / C. Causation / 8. Particular Causation / d. Selecting the cause
An alien might think oxygen was the main cause of a forest fire