Ideas from 'The Emergence of Probability' by Ian Hacking [1975], by Theme Structure

[found in 'The Emergence of Probability' by Hacking,Ian [CUP 1975,0-521-31803-3]].

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1. Philosophy / C. History of Philosophy / 4. Later European Philosophy / b. Seventeenth century philosophy
Gassendi is the first great empiricist philosopher
10. Modality / B. Possibility / 6. Probability
Probability was fully explained between 1654 and 1812
Probability is statistical (behaviour of chance devices) or epistemological (belief based on evidence)
Epistemological probability based either on logical implications or coherent judgments
13. Knowledge Criteria / B. Internal Justification / 3. Evidentialism / a. Evidence
Formerly evidence came from people; the new idea was that things provided evidence
In the medieval view, only deduction counted as true evidence
14. Science / A. Basis of Science / 3. Experiment
An experiment is a test, or an adventure, or a diagnosis, or a dissection
14. Science / D. Explanation / 2. Types of Explanation / a. Types of explanation
Follow maths for necessary truths, and jurisprudence for contingent truths