Ideas from 'True in Theory, but not in Practice' by Immanuel Kant [1792], by Theme Structure

[found in 'Political Writings' by Kant,Immanuel (ed/tr Reiss,Hans) [CUP 1996,0-521-39837-1]].

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20. Action / C. Motives for Action / 3. Acting on Reason / a. Practical reason
General rules of action also need a judgement about when to apply them
22. Metaethics / B. The Good / 2. Happiness / c. Value of happiness
Duty does not aim at an end, but gives rise to universal happiness as aim of the will
23. Ethics / D. Deontological Ethics / 2. Duty
It can't be a duty to strive after the impossible
23. Ethics / D. Deontological Ethics / 6. Motivation for Duty
The will's motive is the absolute law itself, and moral feeling is receptivity to law
25. Society / A. State of Nature / 2. Natural Values / c. Natural rights
There can be no restraints on freedom if reason does not reveal some basic rights
25. Society / B. The State / 2. State Legitimacy / d. Social contract
A contract is theoretical, but it can guide rulers to make laws which the whole people will accept
Personal contracts are for some end, but a civil state contract involves a duty to share
There must be a unanimous contract that citizens accept majority decisions
25. Society / B. The State / 2. State Legitimacy / e. General will
A law is unjust if the whole people could not possibly agree to it
25. Society / B. The State / 4. Citizenship
A citizen must control his own life, and possess property or an important skill
25. Society / C. Social Justice / 3. Social Equality / d. Economic equality
Citizens can rise to any rank that talent, effort and luck can achieve
25. Society / C. Social Justice / 4. Legal Rights / b. Alienating rights
You can't make a contract renouncing your right to make contracts!
25. Society / D. Political Doctrines / 6. Liberalism
A lawful civil state must embody freedom, equality and independence for its members
25. Society / E. State Functions / 5. War
The people (who have to fight) and not the head of state should declare a war