Ideas from 'Perpetual Peace' by Immanuel Kant [1795], by Theme Structure

[found in 'Political Writings' by Kant,Immanuel (ed/tr Reiss,Hans) [CUP 1996,0-521-39837-1]].

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25. Society / A. State of Nature / 1. A People / b. The natural life
The state of nature always involves the threat of war
25. Society / B. The State / 2. State Legitimacy / d. Social contract
Kant made the social contract international and cosmopolitan [Oksala]
25. Society / B. The State / 2. State Legitimacy / e. General will
The a priori general will of a people shows what is right
25. Society / B. The State / 3. Constitutions
Each nation should, from self-interest, join an international security constitution
A constitution must always be improved when necessary
25. Society / C. Social Justice / 4. Social Equality / c. Legal equality
Equality is where you cannot impose a legal obligation you yourself wouldn't endure
25. Society / C. Social Justice / 5. Legal Rights / a. Basis of rights
There is now a growing universal community, and violations of rights are felt everywhere
There are political and inter-national rights, but also universal cosmopolitan rights
25. Society / E. State Functions / 5. War
Hiring soldiers is to use them as instruments, ignoring their personal rights
Some trust in the enemy is needed during wartime, or peace would be impossible