Ideas from 'works' by Jacques Derrida [1990], by Theme Structure

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1. Philosophy / D. Nature of Philosophy / 1. Philosophy
Derrida focuses on other philosophers, rather than on science
1. Philosophy / D. Nature of Philosophy / 3. Philosophy Defined
Philosophy is just a linguistic display
1. Philosophy / D. Nature of Philosophy / 5. Aims of Philosophy / e. Philosophy as reason
Philosophy aims to build foundations for thought [May]
1. Philosophy / D. Nature of Philosophy / 7. Despair over Philosophy
Philosophy is necessarily metaphorical, and its writing is aesthetic
1. Philosophy / H. Continental Philosophy / 3. Hermeneutics
Interpretations can be interpreted, so there is no original 'meaning' available
Hermeneutics blunts truth, by conforming it to the interpreter [Zimmermann,J]
Hermeneutics is hostile, try to overcome the other person's difference [Zimmermann,J]
1. Philosophy / H. Continental Philosophy / 4. Linguistic Structuralism
Structuralism destroys awareness of dynamic meaning
1. Philosophy / H. Continental Philosophy / 6. Deconstruction
We aim to explore the limits of expression (as in Mallarmé's poetry)
Sentences are contradictory, as they have opposite means in some contexts
Sincerity can't be verified, so fiction infuses speech, and hence reality also
The idea of being as persistent presence, and meaning as conscious intelligibility, are self-destructive [Glendinning]
3. Truth / A. Truth Problems / 9. Rejecting Truth
Derrida says that all truth-talk is merely metaphor [Engel]
True thoughts are inaccessible, in the subconscious, prior to speech or writing
5. Theory of Logic / F. Referring in Logic / 1. Naming / b. Names as descriptive
Names have a subjective aspect, especially the role of our own name
'I' is the perfect name, because it denotes without description
5. Theory of Logic / F. Referring in Logic / 1. Naming / c. Names as referential
Even Kripke can't explain names; the word is the thing, and the thing is the word
15. Nature of Minds / B. Features of Minds / 1. Consciousness / b. Essence of consciousness
Heidegger showed that passing time is the key to consciousness
18. Thought / A. Modes of Thought / 1. Thought
'Tacit theory' controls our thinking (which is why Freud is important)
19. Language / A. Nature of Meaning / 1. Meaning
For Aristotle all proper nouns must have a single sense, which is the purpose of language
Capacity for repetitions is the hallmark of language
The sign is only conceivable as a movement between elusive presences
Writing necessarily manages even if the sender or the receiver are absent [Glendinning]
Meanings depend on differences and contrasts
Madness and instability ('the demonic hyperbole') lurks in all language
19. Language / A. Nature of Meaning / 9. Ambiguity
'Dissemination' is opposed to polysemia, since that is irreducible, because of multiple understandings [Glendinning]
19. Language / A. Nature of Meaning / 10. Denial of Meanings
Words exist in 'spacing', so meanings are never synchronic except in writing
22. Metaethics / B. The Good / 1. Goodness / a. Form of the Good
The good is implicitly violent (against evil), so there is no pure good