Ideas from 'Transcendence of the Ego' by Jean-Paul Sartre [1937], by Theme Structure

[found in 'The Transcendence of the Ego' by Sartre,Jean-Paul [Routledge 2004,0-415-32069-0]].

Click on the Idea Number for the full details    |     back to texts     |     expand these ideas

1. Philosophy / H. Continental Philosophy / 2. Phenomenology
Phenomenology assumes that all consciousness is of something
11. Knowledge Aims / B. Certain Knowledge / 6. Cogito Critique
The consciousness that says 'I think' is not the consciousness that thinks
The Cogito depends on a second-order experience, of being conscious of consciousness
Is the Cogito reporting an immediate experience of doubting, or the whole enterprise of doubting?
15. Nature of Minds / A. Nature of Mind / 4. Other Minds / b. Scepticism of other minds
A consciousness can conceive of no other consciousness than itself
We can never, even in principle, grasp other minds, because the Ego is self-conceiving
15. Nature of Minds / A. Nature of Mind / 5. Unity of Mind
The eternal truth of 2+2=4 is what gives unity to the mind which regularly thinks it
15. Nature of Minds / B. Features of Minds / 1. Consciousness / f. Higher-order thought
Consciousness exists as consciousness of itself
15. Nature of Minds / B. Features of Minds / 4. Intentionality / a. Nature of intentionality
Intentionality defines, transcends and unites consciousness
16. Persons / B. Nature of the Self / 4. Presupposition of Self
If you think of '2+2=4' as the content of thought, the self must be united transcendentally
16. Persons / B. Nature of the Self / 6. Self as Higher Awareness
The Ego is not formally or materially part of consciousness, but is outside in the world
16. Persons / C. Self-Awareness / 2. Knowing the Self
How could two I's, the reflective and the reflected, communicate with each other?
Knowing yourself requires an exterior viewpoint, which is necessarily false
16. Persons / C. Self-Awareness / 3. Limits of Introspection
When we are unreflective (as when chasing a tram) there is no 'I'
The Ego never appears except when we are not looking for it
16. Persons / D. Continuity of the Self / 2. Mental Continuity / a. Memory is Self
It is theoretically possible that the Ego consists entirely of false memories
16. Persons / D. Continuity of the Self / 4. Split Consciousness
If the 'I' is transcendental, it unnecessarily splits consciousness in two
16. Persons / E. Rejecting the Self / 4. Denial of the Self
Maybe it is the act of reflection that brings 'me' into existence
The Ego only appears to reflection, so it is cut off from the World