Ideas from 'The Rationalists' by John Cottingham [1988], by Theme Structure

[found in 'The Rationalists' by Cottingham,John [OUP 1988,0-19-289190-1]].

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9. Objects / B. Unity of Objects / 2. Substance / c. Types of substance
Descartes says there are two substance, Spinoza one, and Leibniz infinitely many
12. Knowledge Sources / C. Rationalism / 1. Rationalism
The notion of substance lies at the heart of rationalist metaphysics
18. Thought / A. Modes of Thought / 3. Emotions
Are there a few primary passions (say, joy, sadness and desire)?
26. Natural Theory / C. Causation / 3. General Causation / d. Causal necessity
For rationalists, it is necessary that effects be deducible from their causes