Ideas from 'A Theory of Justice' by John Rawls [1972], by Theme Structure

[found in 'A Theory of Justice' by Rawls,John [OUP 1978,0-19-881301-5]].

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22. Metaethics / B. Basis of Ethics / 6. Right
Rawls defends the priority of right over good
23. Ethics / B. Contract Ethics / 1. Contractarianism
A fair arrangement is one that parties can agree to without knowing how it will benefit them personally
23. Ethics / E. Utilitarianism / 1. Utilitarianism
Utilitarianism inappropriately scales up the individual willingness to make sacrifices
25. Society / A. State of Nature / 5. Original Position / a. Original position
Why does the rational agreement of the 'Original Position' in Rawls make it right?
25. Society / A. State of Nature / 5. Original Position / b. Veil of ignorance
Choose justice principles in ignorance of your own social situation
25. Society / A. State of Nature / 5. Original Position / c. Difference principle
All desirable social features should be equal, unless inequality favours the disadvantaged
25. Society / C. Political Doctrines / 6. Liberalism
Rawls's account of justice relies on conventional fairness, avoiding all moral controversy