Ideas from 'Utilitarianism' by John Stuart Mill [1861], by Theme Structure

[found in 'Utilitarianism (including On Liberty etc)' by Mill,John Stuart (ed/tr Warnock,Mary) [Fontana 1962,0-00-686022-2]].

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20. Action / C. Preliminaries of Action / 2. Willed Action / a. Will to Act
The will, in the beginning, is entirely produced by desire
22. Metaethics / C. Sources of Ethics / 3. Intuitionism
With early training, any absurdity or evil may be given the power of conscience
22. Metaethics / D. Consequentialism / 1. Consequentialism
Motive shows the worth of the agent, but not of the action
23. Ethics / C. Virtue Theory / 2. Elements of Virtue Theory / c. Motivation for virtue
Virtues only have value because they achieve some further end
23. Ethics / D. Deontological Ethics / 2. Duty
Orthodox morality is the only one which feels obligatory
23. Ethics / D. Deontological Ethics / 3. Universalisability
Why couldn't all rational beings accept outrageously immoral rules of conduct?
23. Ethics / E. Utilitarianism / 1. Utilitarianism
Utilitarianism only works if everybody has a totally equal right to happiness
Actions are right if they promote pleasure, wrong if they promote pain
The English believe in the task of annihilating evil for the victory of good
Mill's qualities of pleasure is an admission that there are other good states of mind than pleasure
23. Ethics / E. Utilitarianism / 2. Ideal of Pleasure
Better to be Socrates dissatisfied than a fool satisfied
Ultimate goods such as pleasure can never be proved to be good
Only pleasure and freedom from pain are desirable as ends
23. Ethics / E. Utilitarianism / 3. Motivation for Altruism
General happiness is only desirable because individuals desire their own happiness
23. Ethics / E. Utilitarianism / 5. Rule Utilitarianism
Moral rules protecting human welfare are more vital than local maxims
25. Society / A. State of Nature / 4. Natural Rights / a. Natural rights
No individual has the right to receive our benevolence
Rights are a matter of justice, not of benevolence
25. Society / D. Social Rights / 1. Legal Rights / a. Basis of rights
A right is a valid claim to society's protection