Ideas from 'Utilitarianism' by John Stuart Mill [1861], by Theme Structure

[found in 'Utilitarianism (including On Liberty etc)' by Mill,John Stuart (ed/tr Warnock,Mary) [Fontana 1962,0-00-686022-2]].

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20. Action / B. Preliminaries of Action / 2. Willed Action / a. Will to Act
The will, in the beginning, is entirely produced by desire
22. Metaethics / B. The Good / 1. Goodness / g. Consequentialism
Motive shows the worth of the agent, but not of the action
22. Metaethics / C. Ethics Foundations / 2. Source of Ethics / c. Ethical intuitionism
With early training, any absurdity or evil may be given the power of conscience
23. Ethics / C. Virtue Theory / 2. Elements of Virtue Theory / c. Motivation for virtue
Virtues only have value because they achieve some further end
23. Ethics / D. Deontological Ethics / 2. Duty
Orthodox morality is the only one which feels obligatory
23. Ethics / E. Utilitarianism / 1. Utilitarianism
Actions are right if they promote pleasure, wrong if they promote pain
Utilitarianism only works if everybody has a totally equal right to happiness
The English believe in the task of annihilating evil for the victory of good [Nietzsche]
Mill's qualities of pleasure is an admission that there are other good states of mind than pleasure [Ross]
23. Ethics / E. Utilitarianism / 2. Ideal of Pleasure
Ultimate goods such as pleasure can never be proved to be good
Only pleasure and freedom from pain are desirable as ends
Better to be Socrates dissatisfied than a fool satisfied
23. Ethics / E. Utilitarianism / 3. Motivation for Altruism
General happiness is only desirable because individuals desire their own happiness
23. Ethics / E. Utilitarianism / 5. Rule Utilitarianism
Moral rules protecting human welfare are more vital than local maxims
25. Society / A. State of Nature / 2. Natural Values / c. Natural rights
No individual has the right to receive our benevolence
Rights are a matter of justice, not of benevolence
25. Society / C. Social Justice / 5. Legal Rights / a. Basis of rights
A right is a valid claim to society's protection