Ideas from 'On Liberty' by John Stuart Mill [1857], by Theme Structure

[found in 'Utilitarianism (including On Liberty etc)' by Mill,John Stuart (ed/tr Warnock,Mary) [Fontana 1962,0-00-686022-2]].

green numbers give full details    |     back to texts     |     expand these ideas

22. Metaethics / C. Ethics Foundations / 1. Nature of Ethics / g. Moral responsibility
It is a crime for someone with a violent disposition to get drunk
23. Ethics / E. Utilitarianism / 1. Utilitarianism
Ethics rests on utility, which is the permanent progressive interests of people
24. Political Theory / A. Basis of a State / 3. Natural Values / a. Natural freedom
Individuals have sovereignty over their own bodies and minds
24. Political Theory / B. Nature of a State / 2. State Legitimacy / d. General will
The will of the people is that of the largest or most active part of the people
24. Political Theory / C. Ruling a State / 2. Leaders / c. Despotism
It is evil to give a government any more power than is necessary
24. Political Theory / C. Ruling a State / 3. Government / a. Government
Individuals often do things better than governments
24. Political Theory / C. Ruling a State / 4. Changing the State / b. Devolution
Aim for the maximum dissemination of power consistent with efficiency
24. Political Theory / D. Ideologies / 4. Social Utilitarianism
Maximise happiness by an area of strict privacy, and an area of utilitarian interventions [Wolff,J]
24. Political Theory / D. Ideologies / 5. Democracy / a. Nature of democracy
People who transact their own business will also have the initiative to control their government
24. Political Theory / D. Ideologies / 6. Liberalism / b. Liberal aims
Prevention of harm to others is the only justification for exercising power over people
24. Political Theory / D. Ideologies / 6. Liberalism / c. Individualism
The worth of a State, in the long run, is the worth of the individuals composing it
24. Political Theory / D. Ideologies / 6. Liberalism / e. Liberal freedom
The main argument for freedom is that interference with it is usually misguided
25. Social Practice / A. Freedoms / 3. Free speech
Liberty arises at the point where people can freely and equally discuss things
25. Social Practice / A. Freedoms / 5. Freedom of lifestyle
Utilitarianism values liberty, but guides us on which ones we should have or not have [Wolff,J]
Mill defends freedom as increasing happiness, but maybe it is an intrinsic good [Wolff,J]
True freedom is pursuing our own good, while not impeding others
Restraint for its own sake is an evil
Individuals are not accountable for actions which only concern themselves
Blocking entry to an unsafe bridge does not infringe liberty, since no one wants unsafe bridges
Pimping and running a gambling-house are on the border between toleration and restraint
25. Social Practice / D. Justice / 3. Punishment / a. Right to punish
Society can punish actions which it believes to be prejudicial to others
25. Social Practice / E. Policies / 3. Welfare provision
Benefits performed by individuals, not by government, help also to educate them
25. Social Practice / E. Policies / 5. Education / a. Aims of education
We need individual opinions and conduct, and State education is a means to prevent that
25. Social Practice / F. Life Issues / 3. Abortion
It is a crime to create a being who lacks the ordinary chances of a desirable existence
29. Religion / B. Monotheistic Religion / 4. Christianity / a. Christianity
The ethics of the Gospel has been supplemented by barbarous Old Testament values