Ideas from 'Causation and Laws of Nature' by Jonathan Schaffer [2008], by Theme Structure

[found in 'Contemporary Debates in Metaphysics' (ed/tr Sider/Hawthorne/Zimmerman) [Blackwell 2008,978-1-4051-1229-1]].

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1. Philosophy / F. Analytic Philosophy / 1. Analysis
Analysis aims at secure necessary and sufficient conditions
2. Reason / F. Fallacies / 1. Fallacy
'Reification' occurs if we mistake a concept for thing
4. Formal Logic / D. Modal Logic ML / 3. Modal Logic Systems / d. System T
T adds □p→p for reflexivity, and is ideal for modeling lawhood
6. Mathematics / C. Sources of Mathematics / 4. Mathematical Empiricism / b. Indispensability of mathematics
If a notion is ontologically basic, it should be needed in our best attempt at science
7. Existence / C. Structure of Existence / 2. Reduction
Three types of reduction: Theoretical (of terms), Definitional (of concepts), Ontological (of reality)
8. Modes of Existence / B. Properties / 13. Tropes / a. Nature of tropes
Tropes are the same as events
9. Objects / A. Existence of Objects / 4. Individuation / a. Individuation
Individuation aims to count entities, by saying when there is one
10. Modality / D. Knowledge of Modality / 4. Conceivable as Possible / a. Conceivable as possible
Only ideal conceivability could indicate what is possible