Ideas from 'Grounding, Transitivity and Contrastivity' by Jonathan Schaffer [2012], by Theme Structure

[found in 'Metaphysical Grounding' (ed/tr Correia,F/Schnieder,B) [CUP 2012,978-1-107-02289-8]].

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7. Existence / A. Nature of Existence / 4. Existence as One
I take what is fundamental to be the whole spatiotemporal manifold and its fields
7. Existence / C. Structure of Existence / 1. Grounding / a. Nature of grounding
As causation links across time, grounding links the world across levels
If ground is transitive and irreflexive, it has a strict partial ordering, giving structure
14. Science / D. Explanation / 2. Types of Explanation / b. Contrastive explanations
Explaining 'Adam ate the apple' depends on emphasis, and thus implies a contrast
26. Natural Theory / C. Causation / 1. Causation / a. Causation
Nowadays causation is usually understood in terms of equations and variable ranges