Ideas from 'The Morality of Happiness' by Julia Annas [1993], by Theme Structure

[found in 'The Morality of Happiness' by Annas,Julia [OUP 1995,0-19-509652-5]].

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20. Action / B. Motives for Action / 3. Acting on Reason / a. Practical reason
'Phronesis' should translate as 'practical intelligence', not as prudence
22. Metaethics / A. Ethical Ends / 6. Pleasure / c. Types of pleasure
The end for Epicurus is static pleasure
22. Metaethics / A. Ethical Ends / 6. Pleasure / d. Sources of pleasure
Epicureans achieve pleasure through character development
23. Ethics / A. Egoism / 3. Cyrenaic School
Cyrenaics pursue pleasure, but don't equate it with happiness
23. Ethics / C. Virtue Theory / 1. Virtue Theory / d. Virtue theory critique
Aristotle neglects the place of rules in the mature virtuous person
23. Ethics / C. Virtue Theory / 2. Elements of Virtue Theory / c. Motivation for virtue
Ancient ethics uses attractive notions, not imperatives
23. Ethics / D. Deontological Ethics / 1. Deontology
Principles cover life as a whole, where rules just cover actions
23. Ethics / D. Deontological Ethics / 2. Duty
Virtue theory tries to explain our duties in terms of our character
23. Ethics / D. Deontological Ethics / 5. Motivation for Duty
If excessively good actions are admirable but not required, then duty isn't basic
23. Ethics / E. Utilitarianism / 1. Utilitarianism
We should do good when necessary, not maximise it