Ideas from 'Existentialism: an introduction' by Kevin Aho [2014], by Theme Structure

[found in 'Existentialism: an introduction' by Aho,Kevin [Polity 2014,978-0-7456-5142-2]].

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1. Philosophy / H. Continental Philosophy / 2. Phenomenology
Phenomenologists say all experience is about something and is directed
14. Science / B. Scientific Theories / 2. Aim of Science
Science has to abstract out the subjective attributes of things, focusing on what is objective
23. Ethics / F. Existentialism / 3. Angst
Anxiety, nausea, guilt and absurdity shake us up, revealing our freedom and limits
23. Ethics / F. Existentialism / 5. Existence-Essence
Our 'existence' is how we create ourselves, unconstrained by any prior 'essence'
23. Ethics / F. Existentialism / 6. Authentic Self
The self is constituted by its choices made within a social context
25. Society / B. The State / 2. State Legitimacy / d. Social contract
Social contracts and markets have made society seem disconnected and artificial
29. Religion / C. Monotheistic Religion / 4. Christianity / a. Christianity
Protestantism brought the modern emphasis on inner states of the soul
29. Religion / D. Spiritual Disciplines / 3. Buddhism
Four Noble Truths: life is suffering, caused by attachment, it is avoidable, there is a path