Ideas from 'The Question of Realism' by Kit Fine [2001], by Theme Structure

[found in 'Philosophers' Imprint' (ed/tr -) [- ,]].

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1. Philosophy / E. Nature of Metaphysics / 2. Possibility of Metaphysics
If metaphysics can't be settled, it hardly matters whether it makes sense
1. Philosophy / E. Nature of Metaphysics / 6. Against Metaphysics
'Quietist' says abandon metaphysics because answers are unattainable (as in Kant's noumenon)
7. Existence / C. Structure of Existence / 1. Grounding / a. Nature of grounding
If you make 'grounding' fundamental, you have to mention some non-fundamental notions
Something is grounded when it holds, and is explained, and necessitated by something else
7. Existence / C. Structure of Existence / 1. Grounding / b. Relata of grounding
Grounding relations are best expressed as relations between sentences
7. Existence / C. Structure of Existence / 2. Reduction
Reduction might be producing a sentence which gets closer to the logical form
Reduction might be semantic, where a reduced sentence is understood through its reduction
Reduction is modal, if the reductions necessarily entail the truth of the target sentence
The notion of reduction (unlike that of 'ground') implies the unreality of what is reduced
7. Existence / D. Theories of Reality / 2. Reality
What is real can only be settled in terms of 'ground'
Why should what is explanatorily basic be therefore more real?
Reality is a primitive metaphysical concept, which cannot be understood in other terms
In metaphysics, reality is regarded as either 'factual', or as 'fundamental'
12. Knowledge Sources / B. Perception / 2. Qualities in Perception / d. Secondary qualities
Although colour depends on us, we can describe the world that way if it picks out fundamentals
14. Science / D. Explanation / 2. Types of Explanation / i. Explanations by reduction
Grounding is an explanation of truth, and needs all the virtues of good explanations
14. Science / D. Explanation / 3. Best Explanation / b. Ultimate explanation
Ultimate explanations are in 'grounds', which account for other truths, which hold in virtue of the grounding
19. Language / E. Propositions / 2. Nature of Propositions
A proposition ingredient is 'essential' if changing it would change the truth-value