Ideas from 'Essence and Modality' by Kit Fine [1994], by Theme Structure

[found in 'Philosophical Perspectives' (ed/tr -) [- ,]].

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1. Philosophy / F. Analytic Philosophy / 2. Conceptual Analysis
My account shows how the concept works, rather than giving an analysis
2. Reason / D. Definition / 4. Real Definition
Modern philosophy has largely abandoned real definitions, apart from sortals
2. Reason / D. Definition / 6. Definition by Essence
Defining a term and giving the essence of an object don't just resemble - they are the same
7. Existence / C. Structure of Existence / 4. Ontological Dependence
An object is dependent if its essence prevents it from existing without some other object
9. Objects / D. Essence of Objects / 2. Types of Essence
Essences are either taken as real definitions, or as necessary properties
9. Objects / D. Essence of Objects / 6. Essence as Unifier
Essentially having a property is naturally expressed as 'the property it must have to be what it is'
9. Objects / D. Essence of Objects / 7. Essence and Necessity / a. Essence as necessary properties
Simple modal essentialism refers to necessary properties of an object
Essentialist claims can be formulated more clearly with quantified modal logic
9. Objects / D. Essence of Objects / 7. Essence and Necessity / b. Essence not necessities
Metaphysical necessity is a special case of essence, not vice versa
Essence as necessary properties produces a profusion of essential properties
The nature of singleton Socrates has him as a member, but not vice versa
It is not part of the essence of Socrates that a huge array of necessary truths should hold
9. Objects / D. Essence of Objects / 8. Essence as Explanatory
An essential property of something must be bound up with what it is to be that thing
9. Objects / D. Essence of Objects / 9. Essence and Properties
Essential properties are part of an object's 'definition'
9. Objects / E. Objects over Time / 12. Origin as Essential
If Socrates lacks necessary existence, then his nature cannot require his parents' existence
10. Modality / C. Sources of Modality / 1. Sources of Necessity
The subject of a proposition need not be the source of its necessity
10. Modality / C. Sources of Modality / 4. Necessity from Concepts
Conceptual necessities rest on the nature of all concepts
10. Modality / C. Sources of Modality / 6. Necessity from Essence
Socrates is necessarily distinct from the Eiffel Tower, but that is not part of his essence
Metaphysical necessities are true in virtue of the nature of all objects
19. Language / F. Analytic/Synthetic / 3. Analytic Truths
Analytic truth may only be true in virtue of the meanings of certain terms
The meaning of 'bachelor' is irrelevant to the meaning of 'unmarried man'