Ideas from 'Tusculan Disputations' by M. Tullius Cicero [44 BCE], by Theme Structure

[found in 'Tusculan Disputations' by Cicero (ed/tr King,J.E.) [Harvard Loeb 1927,0-674-99156-7]].

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1. Philosophy / A. Wisdom / 2. Wise People
A wise man has integrity, firmness of will, nobility, consistency, sobriety, patience
1. Philosophy / D. Nature of Philosophy / 4. Aims of Philosophy / e. Philosophy as reason
Philosophy is the collection of rational arguments
15. Nature of Minds / A. Nature of Mind / 2. Psuché
The soul is the heart, or blood in the heart, or part of the brain, of something living in heart or brain, or breath
15. Nature of Minds / A. Nature of Mind / 5. Unity of Mind
How can one mind perceive so many dissimilar sensations?
The soul has a single nature, so it cannot be divided, and hence it cannot perish
16. Persons / C. Self-Awareness / 3. Undetectable Self
Like the eye, the soul has no power to see itself, but sees other things
17. Mind and Body / E. Physicalism / 7. Anti-Physicalism / a. Physicalism critique
Souls contain no properties of elements, and elements contain no properties of souls
23. Ethics / C. Virtue Theory / 3. Virtues / f. Compassion
We should not share the distress of others, but simply try to relieve it
23. Ethics / C. Virtue Theory / 4. External Goods / c. Wealth
All men except philosophers fear poverty
25. Society / C. Political Doctrines / 5. Democracy
If one despises illiterate mechanics individually, they are not worth more collectively