Ideas from 'works' by Michel Foucault [1978], by Theme Structure

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2. Reason / A. Nature of Reason / 7. Status of Reason
Foucault originally felt that liberating reason had become an instrument of domination [Gutting]
13. Knowledge Criteria / E. Relativism / 1. Relativism
Foucault challenges knowledge in psychology and sociology, not in the basic sciences [Gutting]
15. Nature of Minds / B. Features of Minds / 1. Consciousness / a. Consciousness
Unlike Marxists, Foucault explains thought internally, without deference to conscious ideas [Gutting]
25. Society / A. State of Nature / 2. Natural Values / c. Natural rights
Nature is not the basis of rights, but the willingness to risk death in asserting them
25. Society / C. Social Justice / 6. Right to Punish / d. Reform of offenders
Power is used to create identities and ways of life for other people [Shorten]